Saturday, November 30, 2013

What Burma change after 25 years: View of an exile (Final Part)

Htet Aung Kyaw

Part 3

A few days later, I visited to controversial Dawei deep seaport project area. On the way, I saw Dawei Untiversity Just beside Ka-myaw-kin Bridge over Dawei River which only link between Dawei city and Maung-ma-kan beach, deep sea port and Long Lon Township. This area was only forest in 1988 but now I saw huge university compound. Other words, the authority moved university from city to remote area after 88 uprising as they worry student protest in cities.

After cross an Army based and a big hill, I saw popular Maung-ma-kan beach which I thought wider than (Thailand) Phuket's Patong. But strangely, there is no foreign tourist. ''In the past, the authority not allows foreigners to stay over night in the beach for security reason'' a local restaurant owner told me. But now the security situation is better after the Karen National Union (KNU), New Mon State Party (NMSP) and the ABSDF, the armed groups active this area signed cease-fire agreements this year, he added.

As no foreigners, there is no hotel except colony era old huts. ''But now the Dawei Development Public Co.Ltd (DDPC) build a new hotel zone over there. Htee-Khe border gate is open for foreign tourists and so we hope Maung-ma-kan is popular soon'' a stake holder of DDPC told me. Htee-Khe is located Burma-Thai Border which once our regional head-quarter for the KNU's 4 brigade and the ABSDF's southern command from 1988 to 1997. However, Htee-Khe is now no more armed conflict but economic zone for Dawei deep sea port and Dawei-Kanchanaburi hi-way.

Just a mile away from Maung-ma-kan, I saw a hot spring on the way to Na-bu-lae village where deep sea port project started. In 1988, this area is gray zone which mean rebel troops active and so difficult communication from Dawei. But now situation is totally changed, the Na-bu-lae is the most develop area in region and just 8 hours drive from Bangkok by Na-bu-lae- Kanchaburi hi-way.

Firstly, I saw a raw new big motor road from the western sea to heading eastern Thai border. Many trucks with Thai alpha plate and Thai speaking men are very busy on dusty road. Beside that road, I saw a huge Thai-style control office and project compound. Most people in the compound are Thai and Thai-speaking Burmese. I feel that I'm in Thai's territory although Na-bu-lae is far 130 kilometers from border. In the sea side, the project is just beginning step. White sand and blue water in the sunshine are very beautiful but uncertain future.

A mile away from sea port and office compound, I saw a hundred of new houses for resettlement of villagers. Thousands people from 5 to 10 villages of over 50500 acres land must relocate from their home to that resettlement site soon. Some right group, including Dawei Development Association (DDA) criticized the project is not international standard for transparency and accountability.

A day before left from Dawei, I met some families member of comrades who killing in battle and death in jungle. 87 of 670 casualty of the ABSDF are from our southern commend of Min-tha-mee camp, located near Htee-khe. ''Where is my son, why he not back with you?'' a mum of my close friends asked me. I can not control my tear and I stopped the plan to give confirmation their death. Their families are still believed that their sons still alive in jungle or exile. Should I give confirmation death of their sons while they believed their sons are alive?

After 10 days in Dawei, I back to Yangon by bus. Although the bus and road are still very low quality, I noted a good sign that there is no more security check point by army which extorts money from passengers. I took only 8 hours from Dawei to Moulmein which normally took 2 days in 1988 as we stopped every army extort gates in every hill.

From Moulmein to Yangon, the road is very good if compared in Dawei area. But when I saw the huge road to Nay-pyi-taw, I surprised why totally different Nay-pyi-taw road and the road in the rest of the country. In fact, not only huge road but also huge parliament buildings, government house, ministerial zone, hotel zone, military zone, so on. But no one know where the money coming from, and how much they used to build the latest Asia's remote capital.

This is one of the main challenges to show transparency and accountability in Burma's today transition to democracy. Most people in government and parliament are just only changing from military uniform to civilian cloth, but their mindset is the same as in military ruled era. The NLD, oppositions and ethnic delegates are very limited in the parliament.

Could they get more seats in coming 2015 election and could they amend the current controversial military dominated constitution to the democratic one? No one knows.

But strangely, the international community is very optimizing the current regime's transition plan. I feel that the western world say only ''No'' when the Generals in uniform but they say only ''Yes'' when General wear civilian clothes. Are they forget or trying to forget the men in power are the same men in uniform?

Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi warned western investors in EU-Burma summit in Yangon recently. “If you want to make responsible investments in Burma, you must be aware of the political situation in Burma, the peace situation, the social situation, the human rights situation.” she said.

There are dozens of political prisoners including farmer activists still in jail. Cease-fire process with armed ethnic groups is not yet reach to political dialogue. Corruption is still rise in everywhere, especially in civil service. Land confiscate, extort money, cronyism, favoritism are still rise in this country.

However, I can claim the current political situation is better than in the military era in 1990s. Business, Media, human right and some important sector are also better than last 25 years. But if we look back 50-60 years ago the era of Prime Minister U Nu or before first time military coup in 1962, Burma is more freedom and more rich than now.

Therefore, let me conclude the situation in Burma now is only back to square one or ''Status Quo''. There is no sign showing progress but I can claim the country and the government heading the right direction to reach democracy. But the country still needs cooperate from every side, all stake holders and every citizen, perhaps including exile community.

Htet Aung Kyaw is a former member of the ABSDF and former reporter for the DVB. He visited Burma recently as the first trip in 25 years.

Thursday, November 28, 2013

What Burma change after 25 years: View of an exile (Part 2)

Htet Aung Kyaw

Part 2

The next days, I visited the NLD (National League for Democracy) office which I called telephone almost everyday in 2000s from Oslo-based DVB (Democratic Voice of Burma) radio to report their activity in their difficult days. As I'm activist-turn journalist who working for opposition radio, I'm very sympathy the NLD and the opposition. I met some senior NLD officials as the first time in person although we know each other by phone for decades. 

The NLD's days are now not much hard as in 2000s because they join to parliament in early 2012. The DVB is no need to call their office as we did in 2000s. There is much relax political suppression, relax media censor, even the DVB itself back to Rangoon from Oslo. So, should I say this is a sign of change to democracy?

The next day, I visited the office of 88 Generation Peace and Open Society which the same generation with us. I met some prominent leaders who served decades in jail while we are in jangle and exile. ''Many people come to our office to help their difficulty. Most are farmer and ask us to request the authority to stop confiscate their land'' a leader told me.

As the NLD and political parties are busy with parliament and party lobbying for 2015 election, the 88 generation and civil society groups are very busy in grassroots level. Although the government saying that Burma is heading to democracy, the authority, especially army and crony not yet return the land they confiscate from farmers in 1990s. Myint Myint Aye, Bauk Jar and dozens of activists who former local leader of the NLD arrested recently for leading the farmers to protest return their land.

On weekend, I launch my first book in Rangoon called ''Marathon journey of a Student Rebel'' which recall my days in jungle with the ABSDF. This publication is unthinkable until last year, but now there is no more censor in print media. Dozens of daily private newspapers, journals are publishing now in Rangoon. I surely can claim that is a fact of changing sign to democracy. But don't forget the authority still control broadcast media.

After a week in Rangoon, I went to my native town Tavoy or Dawei which the new name giving the military era. Although there is still hard to find evident that Burma is changing, I see a lot changing in local level, especially in business, social and environmental areas. There are 4-5 planes to Dawei from Yangon which only one plane in 1988 the time I was student. The air ticket is not limited (although so expensive) as we faced in 1988 which some time we wait a ticket for weeks.

On board, I saw some foreigners, perhaps investors on Dawei deep sea port project where the so-called gray area and prohibited foreigner in 1988. The longer run way, the new control tower, the new terminal in Dawei airport is a sign of changing or open era for new business in this costal town. My parents, relatives, friends and 88 generation students in Dawei welcome me at airport. My mum is crying as she so happy to see her son in first time in 25 years.

Heading to my village, I sit a front seat of 4 wheels Toyota while my relatives and friends follow by motor bikes. No one use horse-cart or bicycle which I always used in 1988. Between the Dawei town to Dawei river, I saw huge of new building, including local parliament, local government offices which I see only paddy fields in 1988. Later, I note that land is also confiscated by authority to extend the division's capital city. In November, hundreds of farmers and activists protest in front of local parliament, to return their land.

When I arrived my parent's house which I live until 1988, I not see my bicycle but motor bikes. I also not see our oxen and bullock-cart but a small tractor. ''We are now heading to industrial farm after 100 year in Europe'' joked one on my friends. I also note there is some limited electricity, tarred-road which I no knowledge in 1988. ''This road is very new as they did in 2010 election lobby'' a local NLD member told me.

There is no strange that the whole Long Lon Township where my village located is support Aung San Suu Kyi and opposition and so the NLD won a seat in 2012 by-election. Local NLD leaders are my close friends who worked with me in 88 uprising. While we talked freely and openly about current politic, two strange guys come in to my home by motor bikes.

''I'm from SB (Special Branch) and he is from local police station'' a guy who wears sunglass introduced me. ''Don't worry; we just come here for our duty. Pleas your passport and visa'' he continued. When I show my passport, they took picture and write down the facts what they see on passport. ''You guys are over action, he come here as higher authority allowing. If you want to know about him, you should ask your boss in Nay-pyi-taw'' a NLD guy shouted them. Then, they say sorry for disturb and to understand their duty. This is the only thing I face monitoring from the new government during my 28 days visit.

The next days, I visited around my township. I noted there are no oxen, cows, and buffalo in the fields. ''As we heading to industrial farm, all oxen and buffalo gone to Thailand's canning'' friends told me. But I also noted some side affect from losing animals, there is no more nature manure for vegetable fields but only chemical fertilizer. I suspect the rise case of cancer in the region might be link with that chemical fertilizer.

Another case in environmental issue, there is a lot of rubber plantations which I saw only nature forest in 1988. They destroy forest, then to grow rubber around township, perhaps the whole region. In some area, I saw government sponsored thousand acres of palm tree projects. I also noted that people in the region are not much knowledge about environmental impact, perhaps the daily life survive is important than future impact.

For life style, many teenage or students wear trouser or Korean style than longyi which we wear in 1988. Most of house in my township is look like Thai style as many young people are immigrant workers in Thailand or Malaysia. They use Thai-make motor bike, clothes, food, drink and even their Thai language skill fluent then me. I noted (Thai beer) beer Singha is very popular in Dawei region and cheaper than Myanmar beer.

''That all new Thai style houses built by money send back from their sons and daughters working in Thailand'' friends told me. Only a few new houses own by young crony, he added. But the houses of the NLD members, including my parents' home are look too old. ''Because we were under economic sanction by authority in military ruled era'' a local NLD member told me.

Htet Aung Kyaw is a former member of the ABSDF and former reporter for the DVB. He visited Burma recently as the first trip in 25 years.

တနသာၤရီဂ်ာနယ္ အမွတ္ ၂၅။

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

What Burma change after 25 years: View of an exile

Htet Aung Kyaw

Part One

( It printed already in Burmese recently and now I just try for non-Burmese readers)

1-th November is 25 anniversary of the birthday for ABSDF (All Burma Students' Democratic Front), the organization I served for over a decade. I leave from home to jungle with dozens of university students in 19-th September 1988, just a day after military coup. We formed the ABSDF or ''Student Army'' to fight back Burmese military, for liberates the peoples of Burma from the oppression of military dictatorship.

During 25 years of armed struggle, 670 students were killed in action and disease of malaria while 417 were wounded. Thousand are now in exile; hundreds are still in jungle while some return to Burma. Their aims, to liberate the people from the oppression of military dictatorship, to achieve democracy and human rights, to attain internal peace and to bring about the emergence of a federal union are not yet reach.

But the ABSDF current leaderships signed cease-fire agreement with new semi-civilians government in last August. Why? This is because many ethnic armed groups where their camps located were signed cease-fire before they did. After 2012 by-election which opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi win a seat in Parliament and then many observers say this is the initial sign of changing in Burma politic, then so almost armed ethnic groups signed cease-fire. But the Kachin Independent Army (KIA), the main alliance of the ABSDF is still fighting back the new government.

However, the ABSDF leaderships now are travelling to Burma to meet their former comrades, families, and political organizations. Many exile who former member of the ABSDF also travel to Burma. Is this a sign of changing Burma's politic? Should they proud as they can back home after 25 years in exile?

Is this a sign of progress or just return to ''Status Quo''?

Let me tell you what I see in Burma during 28 days of Social visit in the first time in 25 years. As I an exile who holding foreign passport, need to apply Social Visa at Burmese Embassy in the country I resident. In Europe, there is no Burmese embassy in Scandinavians region and so I must go to Brussels where just opened new Myanmar embassy or Berlin, Paris and London where the embassy have since 1950s.

But the exile doesn't want to go those embassies as the officials ask to every exile to sign a latter which we called ''Thein-kha-cha-sa'' or a letter killing our political identity, asking long lists of our political activity last 25 years and also no more political activism during the visit to Burma. Some exile in North America and Australia told me that they also face similar situation. In fact, this is broken promise because the President Thein Sein invited all exile to return Burma when he met the Burmese exile community in Norway, during his first trip to Europe last February.

Therefore, I did not go those embassies but to embassy in Bangkok where I face no question, just wait hours then get 28 days social visa. If I don't want to go myself to embassy, there are many Burmese agents who can help me for visa, accommodation and so on in Burma. I also saw hundreds tourists were roll for visa in the embassy. In the past, only a few tourists were there. So I should say this is a sign of change?

When I wait for a plane to Rangoon in Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi airport, I'm very excited. This is very different feeling the time I hold fake Burmese passport in 1990s. That time I was very worry to deport me to Rangoon. But now, I'm very happy to go there. Why? Is there any change political situation or I was just brainwashed by new government?

When I arrived Rangoon airport, no police check me, no one follow me. But I feel I back homeland without a victory which we vow to take in 1988. Then I told my comrades who wait me at airport, ''I return without a victory''. This is because I was dream to return like ''30 Comrades'' in Second World War as occupying the whole country by revolutionary forces. But this dream is never come to a real.

As I living in Thailand and Norway for 2 decades, I feel that Rangoon is very old city. Old building, narrow and crap streets, old but speeded cars and buses, people are not respect road regulation, betel nut spittle in everywhere. The food in roadside is uneatable, unclean dish make me hard live in the first week in Rangoon city.

Firstly, I went to Shwedagon Pagoda to pray for 670 of my comrades who died in jungle, then to Rangoon University which closed since 88 uprising but just reopened gates after US president Obama visited last year November. I pose for picture in front of the convocation which I never chance to attend. Then I walked to red-bridge on Inya-lake where dozen of students were killed in 88 uprising. But I feel all young people who walk around the lake are not interest the past, perhaps even they have no knowledge the red-bridge is beside their walking path.

The changing is not only in young people's ideology but also in the ground. There are many restaurants around the lake where were only Bu-thi-kyaw, or gourd fry shops in 1988. Most young guys drink beer, whisky which in 1988 only available for tea. Most of young lady wear Korea style, very rare to see Burmese traditional dress.

In late evening, I went to 19-Th Street in downtown area to meet media, NGO, and Pyi-taw-pyan or returning exile guys. There are lot restaurants in roadside but unclean, seeing rats running around and a bit bad smell. But after a glass of whisky, we are used to it atmosphere. Then we debate about is the right time for exile to return home, the right time for exile media to return, and the country heading to progress or just return to ''Status Quo''.

Htet Aung Kyaw is a former member of the ABSDF and former reporter for the DVB. He visited Burma recently as the first trip in 25 years.

Friday, November 22, 2013

“Broadcast and Social Media” သင္တန္းဖြင့္မည္...။


အင္တာႏ်ဴးစ္ျမန္မာသည္ “Broadcast and Social Media” ေခါင္းစဥ္ျဖင့္
ရက္သတၱ ေလးပတ္ ၾကာျမင့့္မည့္ သင္တန္း ေနာက္ထပ္၂ ခုကို ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ ဇန္နဝါရီလ တြင္ ျပဳလုပ္သြားပါမည္။


သင္တန္းအတြက္ ေၾကာ္ျငာ ႏွင့္ ေဖာင္ကို ပူးတြဲပါ ဖိုင္တြင္ရယူၾကည့္ရႈႏိုင္ပါသည္။

ဖာင္ပိတ္ရက္မွာ ၂၀၁၃ ခုႏွစ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ(၁၂) ရက္ ေန ့ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

ေဖာင္ပို႔လွ်င္ ဖိုင္ အမည္ Broadcast and Social Media - မိမိ နာမည္
(ဥပမာ - Broadcast and Social Media - Kyaw Kyaw)  ျဖင့္ ပို ့ေပးပါရန္။

Subject တြင္လဲ Application -Broadcast and Social Media ျဖင့္ ပို ့ေပးပါရန္။
Microsoft Word File (ပူးတြဲပါ ေဖာင္) ျဖင့္သာ ျပန္လည္ ျဖည့္စြက္ေပးပို ့ပါရန္။

Internews In Myanmar

“Broadcast and Social Media”
(2 x two week periods Workshop for Journalists)
အသံလႊင့္ (ေရဒီယုိ)ႏွင့္ အြန္လိုင္းလူမႈကြန္ရက္မီဒီယာ သင္တန္း
၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ ဇန္နဝါရီလတြင္ ရန္ကုန္တြင္ စတင္ျပဳလုပ္မည္ျဖစ္သည္။

                                        ပထမသင္တန္း -     ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ ဇန္နဝါရီလ ၁၃ရက္ မွ ၂၄ရက္ အထိ တစ္ပိုင္း
                                                                ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ ေဖေဖၚဝါရီလ ၂၄ရက္ မွ မတ္လ ၇ရက္ အထိ တစ္ပိုင္း
                                        ဒုတိယသင္တန္း -     ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ ေဖေဖၚဝါရီလ ၃ရက္ မွ ၁၄ရက္ အထိ တစ္ပိုင္း
                                                                ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ မတ္လ ၁၇ရက္ မွ ၂၈ရက္ အထိ တစ္ပိုင္း

ေလွ်ာက္လႊာ ပို႔ရန္ ေနာက္ဆုံးရက္ = ၂၀၁၃ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ (၁၂)ရက္ေန႔။ သို႔ေပးပို႔ပါရန္
Email - Subject Line တြင္ Broadcast and Social Media Workshop ဟု ေရးသားေပးပါရန္။
၁။ အမည္ =(ျမန္မာဘာသာျဖင့္)

    အမည္ =(အဂ​ၤလိပ္ဘာသာျဖင့္)

၂။ လူမ်ဳိး (တိုင္းရင္းသား ျဖစ္ပါက မ်ဳိးႏြယ္ ေဖာ္ျပေပးပါရန္။ ေသြးေႏွာပါက အျပည့္အစုံေဖာ္ျပေပးပါရန္။)

၃။ က်ား/မ ႏွင့္ အသက္အရြယ္ (သို႔)          ေမြးသကၠရာဇ္

၄။ ဆက္သြယ္ရန္ တယ္လီဖုန္း

၅။ Email လိပ္စာ

၆။ မိမိေနထိုင္ရာ  ျမိဳ ့အမည္

၇။ လက္ရွိလုပ္ကိုင္ေနေသာ အဖြဲ႔အစည္း    

၈။ ရာထူး/ တာ၀န္

၉။ အျခား မီဒီယာမ်ားတြင္ အခ်ိ္န္ပိုင္း/အပုဒ္လိုက္ လုပ္ကိုင္ျခင္းရွိ/မရွိ                         

၁၀။ အလြတ္သတင္းေထာက္ ျဖစ္ပါသလား               

၁၁။ ျဖစ္ပါက အဖြဲ႔အစည္း ဌာန အမည္

၁၂။ သတင္းအလုပ္ လုပ္သက္ (ႏွစ္၊လ ကို ေဖၚျပပါရန္)

၁၃။ မိမိသတင္းဌာန အယ္ဒီတာက ယခုသင္တန္းတက္ရန္ ခြင့္ျပဳပါသလား။ အယ္ဒီတာ အမည္၊ ရာထူး - Emailႏွင္႔ ဆက္သြယ္ရမည္႔ ဖုန္းနံပါတ္ ျပည့္စံုစြာ  ေဖာ္ျပေပးပါ။

၁၄။ Internews ကေပးသည့္ သင္တန္း တက္ဖူးပါက သင္တန္းအမ်ဳိးအစား ႏွင့္ တက္ေရာက္သည့္ ခုႏွစ္ကို ေဖၚျပေပးပါရန္။

၁၅။ ဘာသာစကား (အေရး အဖတ္ အေျပာ ၃ မ်ဳိး အနက္ သင့္ေတာ္သည့္ အဆင့္ကို ေရြးခ်ယ္ ေဖၚျပေပးရန္။ မသက္ဆိုင္သည္ကို ဖ်က္ပစ္ပါရန္)

မိခင္ဘာသာစကား။ ………………..
အေရး (အေျခခံ/ သတင္းလုပ္ငန္းသုံးအဆင့္)
အဖတ္ (အေျခခံ/ သတင္းလုပ္ငန္းသုံးအဆင့္)
အေျပာ(အေျခခံ/ သတင္းလုပ္ငန္းသုံးအဆင့္)
ဒုတိယ ဘာသာစကား။…………………           
အေရး (အေျခခံ/ သတင္းလုပ္ငန္းသုံးအဆင့္)
အဖတ္ (အေျခခံ/ သတင္းလုပ္ငန္းသုံးအဆင့္)
အေျပာ (အေျခခံ/ သတင္းလုပ္ငန္းသုံးအဆင့္)

၁၆။ သင္တန္းအၿပီး လက္ေတြ႔အသုံးခ်မႈ
ဤသင္တန္းကို မည္သည့္အတြက္ တက္ေရာက္လိုပါသလဲ။ သင္တန္းၿပီးဆုံးပါက မည္သို႔ လက္ေတြ႔ အသုံးခ်ရန္ရွိပါသလဲ (လက္ေတြ႔ အစီအစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပေပးပါ။) (ေဇာ္ဂ်ီေဖာင့္ အရြယ္အစား ၁၀/၁၁ ျဖင့္ စာေၾကာင္း ၃ေၾကာင္းမွ ၁၀ ေၾကာင္းအတြင္း ေရးသားေပးပါရန္။) (အသံလႊင့္ (ေရဒီယုိ)ႏွင့္ အြန္လိုင္းလူမႈကြန္ရက္မီဒီယာ ႏွင့္ အြန္လိုင္းလူမႈကြန္ရက္မီဒီယာ မ်ားကို ပိုမိုသိရွိလိုပါသျဖင့္ တက္ေရာက္လိုသည္ ဟူေသာ ေယဘုယ်ဆန္သည့္ အေျဖမ်ား ေရွာင္ရွားေစလိုပါသည္။)

၁၇။ တက္ေရာက္လိုသည့္ သင္တန္း တစ္ခုကို ေရြးရန္။ ပထမသင္တန္း (သို႔) ဒုတိယသင္တန္း

ပဏာမ ေရြးခ်ယ္ ခံရသူမ်ားကိုသာ Internews ကဆက္သြယ္မည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေမးျမန္း စုံစမ္း လိုပါက သို႔ ဆက္သြယ္ ေမးျမန္း ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ Email - Subject Line တြင္ Broadcast and Social Media Workshop ဟု ေရးသားေပးပါရန္။
ေလွ်ာက္လႊာ ပို႔ရန္ ေနာက္ဆုံးရက္ = ၂၀၁၃ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ(၁၂)ရက္ေန႔ သို႔ေပးပို႔ပါရန္။

Thursday, November 21, 2013

စတုတၳမ႑ဳိင္ရဲ႕ ထာ၀ရ တာ၀န္နဲ႔ မီဒီယာမ်ား အသြင္ေျပာင္းခ်ိန္

သူ႔အေတြး သူ႔အျမင္

မီဒီယာ, စာနယ္ဇင္း, DVB
(သ႐ုပ္ေဖာ္ – ဟန္ေလး)

၂၀၁၂ ခုနွစ္ ဧၿပီလမွာ က်င္းပတဲ့ ၾကားျဖတ္ေရြးေကာက္ပဲြ ၿပီးကတည္းက တနည္းအားျဖင့္ အတုိက္ခံ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ လႊတ္ေတာ္နုိင္ငံေရး စည္း၀ုိင္းထဲ ၀င္ၿပီးကတည္းက စတင္ခဲ့တဲ့ ျမန္မာ့နုိင္ငံေရး အသြင္ ကူးေျပာင္းမႈကာလဟာ အေတာ္အရွိန္ရေနၿပီလုိ႔ အကဲခတ္အေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားက ဆုိပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အေသအခ်ာ ေလ့လာမယ္ဆုိရင္ေတာ့ ၂ နွစ္ နီးပါး ၾကာလာတဲ့အထိ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး၊ ဥပေဒျပဳေရးနဲ႔ တရားစီရင္ေရးဆုိတဲ့ မ႑တုိင္ႀကီး ၃ ခုဟာ အခုခ်ိန္အထိ သိပ္အသြင္ မေျပာင္းနုိင္ေသးတာကုိ ေတြ႔ရနုိင္ပါတယ္။

ဒါေပမယ့္ ထူးထူးျခားျခား ထင္တာထက္ပုိၿပီး အလ်င္အျမန္ အသြင္ေျပာင္းသြားတာကေတာ့ စတုတၱမ႑ုိဳင္လုိ႔ ေခၚတဲ့ မီဒီယာေလာကပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီ မီဒီယာေလာကထဲမွာမွ ျပည္ပအေျခစိုက္ မီဒီယာေတြက ထိပ္ဆုံးမွာ ေနရာယူထားၿပီး အဲဒီထဲက တခ်ဳိ႕ဟာ သူတုိ႔ရဲ႕  မူလရပ္တည္ခ်က္နဲ႔ မူလေနရာေတြကိုပါ အလ်င္စလုိ အသြင္ေျပာင္းပစ္ လုိက္ၾကၿပီလား ေမးခြန္းထုတ္ခ်င္မိပါတယ္။

စာေရးသူသည္ ထိုင္း-ျမန္မာ နယ္စပ္တြင္ အေျခစိုက္ေသာ ေက်ာင္းသား လက္နက္ကိုင္ ABSDF အဖြဲ႕ဝင္ေဟာင္း ျဖစ္ျပီး DVB ၏ သတင္းေထာက္ ေဟာင္းလည္း ျဖစ္သည္။ ယခုအခါ ေနာ္ေဝႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ေနထိုင္လ်က္ ရွိသည္
ျပည္ပမီဒီယာ ဆုိတဲ့အထဲမွာ နုိင္ငံျခားအစိုးရေတြက တာ၀န္ယူထုတ္လြင့္ေနတဲ့ BBC (ဘီဘီစီ-ျမန္မာပုိင္း), VOA (ဗီအုိေအ-ျမန္မာပုိင္း) နဲ႔ RFA (အာအက္ဖ္ေအ-ျမန္မာပုိင္း) တုိ႔ကုိ မဆုိလုိပါ။ ၁၉၈၈ အေရးေတာ္ပုံ ေနာက္ပုိင္းနဲ႔ အဲဒီအေရးေတာ္ပုံအေပၚ အေျခခံကာ သုိ႔မဟုတ္ အေရးေတာ္ပုံနဲ႔ ဆက္စပ္ကာ ေပၚေပါက္လာတဲ့ ျမန္မာ သတင္းဌာနေတြကိုသာ ဆုိလုိပါတယ္။
အဲဒီထဲမွာ ေနာ္ေ၀အေျခစိုက္ ဒီမုိကရက္တစ္ ျမန္မာ့အသံ (DVB) ထုိင္းအေျခစိုက္ ဧရာ၀တီ သတင္းဌာန၊ အိႏၵိယ အေျခစုိက္ မဇၥ်ိမ သတင္းဌာနတုိ႔ ပါ၀င္ပါတယ္။

၁၉၉၀ ေရြးေကာက္ပဲြ ရလဒ္အေပၚ အေျခခံဖြဲ႔စည္းခဲ့တဲ့ အမ်ဳိးသားညြန္႔ေပါင္းအစိုးရ NCGUB ရဲ႕  အသံလႊင့္ဌာနအျဖစ္ ၁၉၉၂ ဇူလုိင္လ ၁၉ ရက္ေန႔မွာ စတင္ ေပၚေပါက္လာခဲ့တဲ့ DVB ဟာ လာမယ့္ ရက္ပုိင္းအတြင္း သူတုိ႔ရဲ႕ မူလ အေျခစိုက္ရာ ေအာ္စလုိၿမိဳ႕က ႐ံုးခ်ဳပ္ကုိ လုံး၀ပိတ္ပစ္ၿပီး ရန္ကုန္မွာ ႐ံုးခန္းဖြင့္ေတာ့မွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ နုိင္ငံေရး လုိအပ္ခ်က္အရ ေပၚေပါက္လာတဲ့ မီဒီယာတခု နုိင္ငံေရးအသြင္ ေျပာင္းလဲမႈေၾကာင့္ ျပည္ပကေန ျပည္တြင္း ျပန္၀င္ခြင့္ရတာဟာ တကယ္ေတာ့ ေကာင္းပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ DVB အေနနဲ႔ လြတ္လပ္ကာလမွာ ဘယ္အခန္း က႑ကေန ဆက္ပါ၀င္မလဲ ဆုိတာက ၈၈ အေရးေတာ္ပုံမွာပါ ၀င္ခဲ့ဖူးသူေတြ၊ DVB နဲ႔ တနည္းမဟုတ္ တနည္း ဆက္စပ္ခဲ့ဖူးသူေတြၾကားမွာ ေဆြးေႏြးစရာေတာ့ ရွိပါတယ္။

ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၃ ရက္ေန႔ ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕မွာ က်င္းပတဲ့ DVB ျပည္တြင္း ျပန္လာျခင္းနဲ႔ ပုဂၢလိကပိုင္ စီးပြားျဖစ္ ႐ုပ္သံအေနနဲ႔ ရပ္တည္ေရး၊ ေၾကာ္ျငာက ရတဲ့ဝင္ေငြအေပၚ အဓိကထား ရပ္တည္ေရးေတြကို ေၾကညာခဲ့ပါတယ္။ မဇၥ်ိမ သတင္းဌာနကလည္း ျမန္မာတိုင္းမ္မွာ ကိုင္တြယ္ခဲ့ဖူးတဲ့ ဦးဆန္နီေဆြတို႔နဲ႔ ပူးတြဲလုပ္မယ္လို႔ ေအာက္တိုဘာ ၃၁ ရက္ေန႔မွာ သတင္းစာရွင္းလင္းပြဲ လုပ္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဧရာ၀တီကေတာ့ အခုအထိ ဒီလုိ အသြင္ေျပာင္း ေၾကညာခ်က္ ထုတ္တာ မၾကားရေသးပါဘူး။

ဒါေတြဟာ နုိင္ငံေရး အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းမႈေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ေပၚလာတဲ့ မီဒီယာေလာက အေျပာင္းအလဲေတြေပါ့။ “ဟုိဘက္က လူေတြက ဘာမွ မေျပာင္းေသးဘူး၊ ကုိယ့္ဘက္ကလူေတြက ေျပာင္းလုိက္တာ ဟုိဘက္ကမ္းကိုေတာင္ ေက်ာ္ေတာ့မယ္” လုိ႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံလုံးဆုိင္ရာ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ဒီမုိကရက္တစ္တပ္ဦး (ABSDF) က ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေဟာင္း တဦးက ဆိုပါတယ္။ ဒါကေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမား တဦးရဲ႕ အျမင္ပါ။ သူ႔မွာက ဟိုဘက္ဒီဘက္ဆိုတဲ့ အျမင္ေတြ ရွိေနဆဲပါ။

ႏိုင္ငံေရး အယူဝါဒ ကင္းရွင္းတဲ့ သတင္းသမားေတြ အေနနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားတဦးရဲ႕ ေဝဖန္ခ်က္ကို ဂ႐ုစိုက္သင့္သလား၊ သတင္းသမားဆိုတာ ဘက္မရွိရဘူး မဟုတ္လား၊ အေနအထားေျပာင္းတာ ဘာမ်ား ဆန္းပါသလဲ၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ သတင္းဌာနေတြ ျဖစ္တဲ့ BBC, CNN, Aljazeera သတင္းဌာနေတြက ဝန္ထမ္းေတြလည္း ဟိုဘက္ဒီဘက္ ေျပာင္းၾကတာပဲ၊ ေၾကးစား ေဘာလံုးသမားေတြလည္း အသင္းေျပာင္းၾကတာပဲလို႔ ဆိုႏိုုင္စရာလည္း ရွိပါတယ္။

ဒါက နဂုိကတည္းက လြတ္လပ္တဲ့ တုိင္းျပည္မွာ၊ လြတ္လပ္တဲ့ သတင္းဌာမွာ၊ လြတ္လပ္စြာ တာ၀န္ထမ္းခဲ့တဲ့ သတင္းသမားေတြအတြက္ မွန္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ က်ေနာ္ဟာ အဲဒီလုိ လြတ္လပ္စြာ ေမြးဖြားလာတဲ့ သတင္းသမားေတြ မဟုတ္။ ၈ ေလးလုံး အေရးေတာ္ပုံနဲ႔အတူ ေမြးဖြားလာတဲ့ သတင္းသမားသာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္လဲ အခုလုိ ရည္လ်ားေထြျပား ေဆြးေႏြးေနရတာပါ။ ဒီလုိ အလြယ္တကူ အသြင္ေျပာင္းတာကို က်ေနာ္က လက္မခံနုိင္ ျဖစ္ေနေပမယ့္ လက္ခံသူေတြလည္း ရွိနုိင္ပါတယ္။

သာမန္ သတင္းသမားတဦး အေနနဲ႔ ဒါေတြကို တားဆီးနုိင္စြမ္း မရွိပါ။ ဒါေပမယ့္ မူအရ၊ စံခ်ိန္စံညႊန္းေတြအရ ဒီလုိ အသြင္ေျပာင္းဖုိ႔၊ ေနရာေျပာင္းဖုိ႔အတြက္ ကုိယ့္ရဲ႕  အယ္ဒီတာ့ဘာေဘာ္ကို အေလွ်ာ့အတင္း လုပ္ခဲ့ရသလား ဆိုတာကေတာ့ ေဝဖန္ၾကည့္ဖို႔ လိုမယ္ ထင္ပါတယ္။

အဲဒါေတြကို ဆန္းစစ္ဖို႔ DVB, ဧရာဝတီ၊ မဇၥ်ိမ သတင္းဌာန ၃ ခုရဲ႕  ၂၀၁၂ ၾကားျဖတ္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ အလြန္ ထုတ္လႊင့္တင္ျပခဲ့တဲ့ သတင္းေတြနဲ႔ ၂၀၁၂ မတိုင္မီ (သို႔မဟုတ္) ဒီသတင္းဌာနေတြ ျပည္တြင္း ျပန္ဝင္ဖို႔ မႀကိဳးစားမီ ထုုတ္လႊင့္တင္ျပခဲ့တဲ့ သတင္းေတြကို ႏိႈင္းယွဥ္ၾကည့္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။ အစိုးရကို ေဝဖန္မႈ အားနည္းသြားသလား၊ အရင္အတိုင္း ဆက္လက္ ေဝဖန္ေထာက္ျပေနသလား၊ တင္ျပပံု နည္းဗ်ဴဟာကိုပဲ အေျပာင္းအလဲ လုပ္လိုက္သလား ဆိုတာ သိသာထင္ရွားလာႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

နုိင္ငံေရးမွာ ထာ၀ရရန္သူ၊ ထာ၀ရမိတ္ေဆြမရွိဘူးဆုိတဲ့အတုိင္း ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားေတြ၊ ႏိုင္ငံေရးပါတီေတြ အသြင္ေျပာင္းသြားတာ မဆန္းေပမယ့္ မီဒီယာအသြင္ေျပာင္းမႈမွာေတာ့ ထာဝရတာဝန္က ဆက္ရွိေနရမွာ ေသခ်ာပါတယ္။ အဲဒီတာ၀န္ကေတာ့ အာဏာပုိင္ေတြကို ေ၀ဖန္ေထာက္ျပေရးပါပဲ။ စတုတၱမ႑ဳိင္ကုိ ကုိင္ထားတဲ့ မီဒီယာသမားေတြက အစိုးရ၊ လြတ္ေတာ္နဲ႔ တရားစီရင္မႈဆုိတဲ့ အျခားမ႑ဳိင္ႀကီး ၃ ခုရဲ႕ အားနည္းခ်က္ေတြကို ဘယ္ေလာက္အထိ ေ၀ဖန္ေထာက္ျပနုိင္သလဲ၊ ဘယ္ေလာက္အထိ ထိမ္းေၾကာင္းေပးနုိင္သလဲ ဆုိတာဟာ မီဒီယာရဲ႕ ထာ၀ရတာ၀န္ပဲ မဟုတ္ပါလား။ ထာဝရ တာဝန္ကို အေပးအယူ လုပ္လိုက္သလို ျဖစ္ရင္ေတာ့ မီဒီယာရဲ႕ အႏွစ္သာရက ေမးခြန္းထုတ္စရာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ျပည္တြင္း မီဒီယာေတြဘက္ကုိ လွည့္မယ္ဆုိရင္ေတာ့ အစိုးရနဲ႔ ခ႐ိုနီ ခ႐ိုျပာေတြ ႀကီးစုိးထားတဲ့ အသံလႊင့္မီဒီယာ (Broadcast Media) (႐ုပ္သံနဲ႔ ေရဒီယုိမွ အပ) ပံုႏွိပ္မီဒီယာဟာ လံုးဝ လြတ္လပ္ပြင့္လင္းလာတာကို ေတြ႔ရပါတယ္။ေန႔စဥ္ထုတ္ ပုဂၢလိက သတင္းစာေတြ ဒါဇင္နဲ႔ခ်ီ ေပၚလာၿပီး အပတ္စဥ္ ဂ်ာနယ္ေတြကလည္း အမ်ားအျပား ေပၚလာပါတယ္။ အရင္က အစိုးရနဲ႔ အာဏာပုိင္ေတြကို ေ၀ဖန္ခြင့္မရတဲ့၊ ဆင္ဆာကို မေက်ာ္နုိင္ျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ ဒီ ပုံနွိပ္ မီဒီယာဟာ အခုေတာ့ အစိုးရကုိ အေ၀ဖန္နုိင္ဆုံး၊ လူထုၾကားထဲ ထိေရာက္မႈ အရွိဆုံး၊ လူထု ရင္ခုန္သံနဲ႔ အနီးစပ္ဆုံး မီဒီယာတခု ျဖစ္လာေနပါတယ္။

ဒါေပမယ့္ တဖက္မွာ ဒီလုိ လြတ္လပ္ခြင့္ရလာတာနဲ႔အတူ၊ ေစ်းကြက္အတြင္း လြတ္လပ္စြာ ယွဥ္ၿပိဳင္ခြင့္ ရလာတာနဲ႔အတူ ေစာင္ေရမ်ားဖုိ႔၊ သတင္းဦး၊ သတင္းထူးပါဖုိ႔ ႀကိဳးစားရင္းနဲ႔ အစြန္းေရာက္သြား တာမ်ဳိးေတြကိုလည္း ျမင္လာေနရပါတယ္။ အတည္ျပဳခ်က္ မယူရေသးတဲ့ သတင္းေတြကို ထည့္ေဖာ္ျပတာမ်ဳိး၊ အေဖာ္အခြ်တ္ပုံေတြကုိ ထည့္သြင္းေဖာ္ျပတာမ်ိဳး၊ တခ်ဳိ႕စာေစာင္ေတြဆုိရင္ သတင္းအေရးအသား၊ သတင္းအသုံးအႏႈန္း၊ သဒၵါ အထားအသုိ၊ သတ္ပုံသတ္ညႊန္း ေတြကိုေတာင္ အေလးမထားေတာ့ဘဲ အခ်ိန္မီ ထုတ္နုိင္ေရးကိုသာ ဦးစားေပးလာတာမ်ဳိး ေတြ႔ေနရပါတယ္။

တနည္းအားျဖင့္ ေျပာမယ္ဆုိရင္ Facebook လုိ Social media ေပၚက အေပ်ာ္တမ္း အေရးအသားနဲ႔ သင္တန္းဆင္းၿပီးသား၊ သတင္းေထာက္က်င့္၀တ္ကို ေကာင္းေကာင္းသိၿပီးသား၊ တာ၀န္ခံမႈအျပည့္နဲ႔ ေရးရမယ့္ Mainstream media ေပၚက လခစားသတင္းေထာက္ေတြရဲ႕ ေရးသားမႈေတြဟာ သိပ္ကြာျခားမႈ မရွိေတာ့သလုိ ျမင္လာေနရပါတယ္။ ဆုိရွယ္မီဒီယာနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး အဆုိအမိန္႔တခုကုိ ကုိးကားရမယ္ဆိုရင္ “ကာရာအုိေကဆုိင္ထဲမွာ လူတုိင္း မုိက္ကုိင္ၿပီး သီခ်င္းဆုိႏိုင္ေပမယ့္ အဲဒီထဲက တေယာက္မွ အဆုိေတာ္ မဟုတ္ဘူး” ဆုိတာကုိ သတိျပဳဖုိ႔ လုိပါတယ္။

အနွစ္ျပန္ခ်ဳပ္ရမယ္ ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ကေန ဒီမုိကေရစီစနစ္ဆီ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေနပါ တယ္လုိ႔ ေျပာေနတဲ့ ျမန္မာနုိင္ငံမွာ အဲဒီလုိ အသြင္ေျပာင္းမႈ တကယ္ရွိ၊ မရွိဆုိတာကို အကဲျဖတ္ေပးရမွာက စတုတၱမ႑ဳိင္ မီဒီယာရဲ႕ တာ၀န္ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ စတုတၱမ႑ဳိင္မွာ တာ၀န္ထမ္းမယ့္လူေတြဟာ တျခားမ႑ဳိင္ ၃ ခုက လူေတြထက္ အဆင့္မျမင့္ရင္ေတာင္ မနိမ္႔ဖုိ႔ေတာ့ လုိပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္္ မီဒီယာသမားတုိင္း မီဒီယာက်င့္၀တ္နဲ႔အညီ ေဆာင္ရြက္ၾကဖုိ႔ အေလးအနက္ တုိက္တြန္းနႈိးေဆာ္ တင္ျပလုိက္ရပါတယ္။      ။

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

သတင္းေထာက္သင္တန္းဖြင့္မည္၊ စိတ္၀င္းစားသူမ်ား အျမန္ဆက္သြယ္ပါ။

“သတင္းေထာက္အသစ္မ်ားအတြက္ အေျချပဳသတင္းစာပညာသင္တန္း”

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတြင္ ေန႔စဥ္သတင္းစာမ်ား ႏွင့္ သတင္းဂ်ာနယ္မ်ား အၿပိဳင္အဆိုင္ ထုတ္ေ၀လာၾကျခင္းႏွင့္အတူ သတင္းေထာက္လိုအပ္ခ်က္သည္ လည္း ႀကီးႀကီးမားမား ေပၚေပါက္လာသည္။ လူငယ္သတင္းသမားမ်ားတြင္လည္း သတင္းစာပညာကို ေလ့လာသင္ယူလိုမႈ မ်ားျပားလာသည္ကို ေတြ႔ရသည္။

ယင္းလိုအပ္ခ်က္ကို ျဖည့္ဆည္းႏိုင္ရန္ ျမန္မာဂ်ာနယ္လစ္ကြန္ရက္ (MJN) သည္ သတင္းစာပညာဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္တရပ္ခ်မွတ္ထားရွိသည္ႏွင့္အညီ လူငယ္သတင္းစာဆရာမ်ားအတြက္ သတင္းဆိုတာ ဘာလဲသိရွိၿပီး၊ သတင္းလိုက္ တတ္၊ သတင္းေကာင္းမြန္စြာေရးတတ္ေစမည့္ ၃ရက္တာ အေျချပဳသတင္းစာပညာသင္တန္းတစ္ခု ဖြင့္လွစ္သြားမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ သတင္းေထာက္ အျဖစ္အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေၾကာင္းျပဳရန္ႀကိဳးစားေနသူမ်ားကို အေထာက္အကူ ျဖစ္ေစရန္လည္း ရည္ရြယ္သည္။

ဖြင့္လွစ္မည့္သင္တန္းသည္ သတင္းေလာကသို႔၀င္ေရာက္ခါစ သတင္းေထာက္အသစ္မ်ားအတြက္ သီအိုရီႏွင့္ လက္ေတြ႔ ပါ၀င္မည့္ အထူးသင္တန္းတစ္ရပ္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ပူးတဲြပါေလွ်ာက္လႊာအတိုင္းျဖည့္စြက္ကာ ေအာက္ပါလိပ္စာသို႔ ေလွ်ာက္လႊာမ်ား ေပးပို႔ႏုိင္ပါသည္။

သင္ၾကားမည့္ ဆရာ ဆရာမမ်ား - Internews မွ ေလ့က်င့္သင္တန္းေပးထားေသာ MJN သင္တန္းဆရာမ်ား။

သင္တန္းကာလ - ၂၀၁၃ ဒီဇင္ဘာ ၃၊ ၄၊ ၅ (၃ရက္) ( နံနက္ ၉နာရီမွ ညေန ၅နာရီထိ)။

သင္တန္းေနရာ - အမွတ္(၁၈၁)၊ ၃၆လမ္း(လယ္)၊ ဒုတိယထပ္(ဘယ္)၊ ေက်ာက္တံတားၿမိဳ႕နယ္၊ ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕။ ဖုန္း - ၀၉ ၄၄၈၀ ၁၅၃၃၅။

ေလွ်ာက္ထားႏိုင္သူမ်ား - သတင္းေထာက္အေတြ႔အႀကံဳ တစ္ႏွစ္ေအာက္ရွိသူျဖစ္ရမည္။ သင္တန္းၿပီးဆံုးသည္အထိ တက္ေရာက္ႏုိင္သူျဖစ္ရမည္။ ဘတ္ဂ်က္ႏွင့္ ေနရာအခက္အခဲေၾကာင့္ သင္တန္းသားဦးေရ ၁၂ဦးေရြးခ်ယ္ရန္ သတ္မွတ္ထားပါသည္။ သင္တန္းသားမ်ား အတြက္ ေန႔လည္စာ၊ ေကာ္ဖီႏွင့္မုန္႔မ်ား စီစဥ္ထားမည္။ နယ္ေ၀းမွတက္လိုသူမ်ား ေလွ်ာက္ထားပါက ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕႔တြင္ မိမိအစီအစဥ္ျဖင့္ ေနထိုင္ႏိုင္သူမ်ားျဖစ္ရမည္။

ေလွ်ာက္လႊာပိတ္ရက္ - ၂၅၊ ႏုိ၀င္ဘာ၊ ၂၀၁၃။
ေလွ်ာက္လႊာေပးပို႔ရန္ - သင္တန္းတာ၀န္ခံ ျမတ္စုမြန္

Monday, November 11, 2013

တနသာၤရီဂ်ာနယ္ အမွတ္ ၂၃

လယ္ယာေျမ သိမ္းဆည္းခံထားရသည့္ လယ္သမားမ်ား ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္

|Dawei Watch| ထား၀ယ္၊ ႏို၀င္ဘာ ၁၁

တနသၤာရီတုိင္းေဒသၾကီး အစုိးရအဖဲြ႔ရုံးစုိက္ရာ ထား၀ယ္ျမိဳ႕တြင္
လယ္ယာဥယ်ာဥ္ျခံေျမသိမ္းခံရေသာ ေတာင္သူလယ္သမား ၁၀၀ဦးမွ နုိ၀င္ဘာလ  ၁၁
ရက္ေန႔၌ ပထမဆုံးအၾကိမ္ ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ပဲြတစ္ရပ္ကုိ ျပဳလုပ္ခဲ့ေၾကာင္း
ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ရာတြင္ ပါ၀င္သူမ်ားက ေျပာၾကားသည္။

ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ပဲြတြင္ ထား၀ယ္ျမိဳ႕အေပၚမွ လယ္ယာေျမ သိမ္းဆည္းခံရေသာ
လယ္သမားမ်ားအျပင္၊ လယ္ယာဥယ်ာဥ္ျခံေျမမ်ား သိမ္းဆည္းခံရေသာ ဇလြန္း၊
သေျဗေခ်ာင္း၊ ကူးတုိ႔ေက်းရြာတို႕မွ လယ္သမားမ်ား ပါ၀င္ျပီး ေဒသခံ
လူထုအေျချပဳ အဖဲြ႕အစည္း မ်ားက ၀န္းရံကာ ဆန္းခ်ီ /ပုံကြ်န္းရပ္ကြက္
တစ္ပတ္ကုိ နံနက္ ၉နာရီမွ ၁၁နာရီအထိ ႏွစ္နာရီအၾကာ ခ်ီတက္ ဆႏၵထုတ္
ေဖာ္ခဲ့ေၾကာင္း လယ္သမားမ်ားက ေျပာဆုိသည္။

သိမ္းဆည္းထားတဲ့ လယ္ေျမကိစၥကုိ အစိုးရႏွင့္ အၾကိမ္ၾကိမ္ သြားေရာက္
ေဆြးေႏြး ေျပာဆုိေသာ္လည္း ‘လုပ္ေပးမည္’ ‘လာၾကည္႔ေပးမည္’ ‘ေက်နွပ္ေအာင္
လုပ္ေပးမည္’ ဟုေျပာဆုိျပီး မလုပ္ေပးေသာေၾကာင့္  အခုေနာက္ဆုံးအဆင့္
ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ရျခင္းျဖစ္သည္ဟု ဦးေဆာင္ဆႏၵျပသည့္ လယ္သမား
ဦးထြန္းထြန္း၀င္းက ေျပာဆုိသည္။

“ဘာမွ မလုပ္ေပးရင္ ဆက္ျပီးဆႏၵျပမယ္၊ မရမခ်င္းျပသြားမယ္၊ အစုိးရဘက္က
ေလ်ာ့ေပါ႕ေပးမယ္ဆုိရင္လည္း ေလ်ာ့ေပးတဲ့ ပုံစံၾကည့္ ရဦးမယ္”ဟု
ဦးထြန္းထြန္း၀င္းက ဆုိသည္။

ျပီးခဲ့သည္႔ ေအာက္တုိဘာလ ေနာက္ဆံုးအပတ္၌ ထား၀ယ္ျမိဳ႕ ကေျမာကင္းလမ္းရွိ
သိမ္းဆည္းထားေသာ လယ္ယာေျမတြင္ ၀န္ထမ္းအိမ္ယာစီမံကိန္း အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ရန္
စပါးရိတ္သိမ္းခါနီး လယ္ေျမကုိျခံခတ္ျခင္း၊ ရိတ္သိမ္းခါနီး စပါးမ်ားရွိေန
သည့္ လယ္ေျမေပၚတြင္ ေျမဖို႕ျခင္း တို႕ေၾကာင့္ လယ္သမားမ်ားႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ
လူထုအေျချပဳ အဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ားက တားဆီးရာမွ တုိင္းအေထြေထြအုပ္ခ်ဴပ္ေရး
ဦးစီးဌာနမွ တိုင္းေဒသႀကီး အတြင္းေရးမွဴး အပါအ၀င္ အဖဲြ႔က ၾကမ္းထမ္းစြာ
ေျပာဆုိခဲ့၍  ထိပ္တိုက္ေတြ႕ျပီးေနာက္ ဆႏၵထုတ္ပဲြကုိ စီစဥ္လာခဲ့သည္ဟု
လယ္သမားမ်ားထံမွ သိရသည္။

“ဘုရားတင္ေနတဲ့ စပါးကုိ ေျမဖုံးဖ်က္ဆီးလုိက္လုိ႔ အရမ္း၀မ္းနည္းတယ္
ဒါေၾကာင့္ ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ရတာပါ”လယ္သမား ဦးၾကဴလြင္က ဆုိသည္။

လယ္သမားမ်ားက “မတရား သိမ္းဆည္းထားေသာ လယ္ယာေျမမ်ား ျပန္လည္
မွတ္ပံုတင္ခြင့္ ရရွိေရး” “ေတာင္သူလယ္သမား မ်ားအား အမွန္တကယ္
ကိုယ္စားျပဳေသာ လႊတ္ေတာ္အမတ္ ရရွိေရး ”စသည့္ ေၾကြးေၾကာ္သံမ်ား အပါအ၀င္
ေၾကြးေၾကာ္သံ ၆ ခု ကို ေႀကြးေၾကာ္ကာ၊ “လယ္ယာေျမ သိမ္းဆည္းမႈ
ခ်က္ျခင္းရပ္” “နိုင္ငံေတာ္က ျပ႒ာန္းထားေသာေျမယာဥပေဒကို ေလးစား
လိုက္နာပါ” “လ/န ၃၉ သည္ ေျမသိမ္းအမိန္႕မဟုတ္”အပါအ၀င္ စသည့္ ပို စ တာ
ဆိုင္းဘုတ္ ၉ ခုကို ကိုင္ေဆာင္ ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ ၾကသည္။

“ေျမယာ ဆုံးရႈံးမႈအေပၚ ျပန္လည္လိုခ်င္လုိ႕ ဆႏၵထုတ္ေဖာ္ရာမွာ
ပူးေပါင္းပါ၀င္တာပါ”ဟု သေျဗေခ်ာင္းေက်းရြာမွ
ဥယ်ာဥ္ျခံ သိမ္းဆည္းခံရသူ ဦးေက်ာ္သူက ဆုိသည္။

လယ္ေျမသိမ္းဆည္းျပီး ေဆာက္လုပ္ထားေသာ လက္ရွိ အေဆာက္အအုံေနရာကုိ ျမိဳ႕ျပ
ကာလတန္ဖုိးအတုိင္းေပးရန္၊ မေဆာက္လုပ္ေသးသည္႔ လယ္ေျမမ်ားကုိ
ေျမယာမွတ္ပုံတင္ခြင့္ေပးရန္ တာ၀န္ရွိသူမ်ားကုိ လယ္သမားမ်ား၏ သေဘာထားကုိ
ေျပာဆုိထားျပီးျဖစ္သည္ဟု ကုိထြန္းထြန္း၀င္းက ရွင္းျပသည္။

အျငင္းပြားမႈ ျဖစ္ေနသည့္ စီမံကိန္း အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ရန္အတြက္
၁၉၉၀ခုနွစ္ကတည္းက သိမ္းဆည္းထားသည္ လယ္ေျမဧက ၃၀၀ေက်ာ္ရွိျပီး
ယင္းလယ္ယာေျမမ်ားေပၚတြင္ ပုဂၢလိက ေဆးရုံစီမံကိန္း၊ ၀န္ထမ္းအိမ္ရာ၊
တနသၤာရီတိုင္း ေဒသၾကီး ယဥ္ေက်းမွဳျပတိုက္ စသျဖင့္ အစိုးရႏွင့္
ပုဂၢလိကစီမံကိန္းမ်ား အေကာင္အထည္ ေဖာ္လ်က္ ရွိသည္။
(ဖတ္နည္းအညြန္... ေစာင္းေနတဲ့ PDF ဖြိဳင္ကုိ အတည့္ျဖစ္ေအာင္ က်ေနာ္မလုပ္တတ္ပါ။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ဒီဖြိဳင္ကုိ ၾကည့္မယ္ဆိုရင္ View ကုိအရင္နွိပ္ပါ။ ျပီးရင္ Rotate View  ကတဆင့္ Clockwise ကုိနွိပ္ပါ။)


Friday, November 8, 2013

ထား၀ယ္ လယ္သမားမ်ား နုိ၀င္ဘာ ၁၁ ရက္ တနလာၤေနန႔တြင္ ဆႏၵျပမည္။

|Dawei Watch| ထား၀ယ္၊ ႏို၀င္ဘာ ၇

လယ္သမားမ်ားႏွင့္ ႏွစ္ဦးႏွစ္ဘက္ သေဘာတူသည့္အထိ ညွိႏိႈင္းျခင္း မရွိဘဲ
လယ္သမားမ်ား တားဆီးသည့္ အၾကားက သိမ္းဆည္းခံထားရသည့္ လယ္ယာေျမမ်ားေပၚတြင္
စီမံကိန္းမ်ား ဆက္တိုက္ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္လာသျဖင့္ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ
ဌာနဆိုင္ရာမ်ားႏွင့္ လယ္သမားမ်ား၊ လူထုအေျချပဳအဖဲြ႕မ်ား ထိပ္တိုက္
ေတြ႕ျပီးေနာက္ လယ္သမားမ်ားက ဆႏၵျပမည့္လမ္းကို ေရႊးခ်ယ္လိုက္ေၾကာင္း
ဆႏၵျပပဲြတြင္ ပါ၀င္မည့္ လယ္သမားမ်ားထံမွ သိရသည္။
ယင္းဆႏၵျပပဲြကို ထား၀ယ္ လယ္သမားမ်ားက ဦးေဆာင္၍ ႏို၀င္ဘာလ ၁၁ ရက္ေန႕တြင္
ဆႏၵျပမည္ျဖစ္ျပီး ထား၀ယ္ျမိဳ႕နယ္ ရဲစခန္းက
ခြင့္ျပဳမိန္႕ေပးလိုက္ျပီျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ယင္းရဲစခန္းက ေလွ်ာက္ထားသူထံ
ျပန္အေၾကာင္းၾကားသည့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ စုေ၀းျခင္းႏွင့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ
စီတန္းလွည့္လည္ျခင္းအတြက္ ခြင့္ျပဳမိန္႕ အရ သိရသည္။

“မတရား သိမ္းဆည္းထားေသာ လယ္ယာေျမမ်ား ျပန္လည္ မွတ္ပံုတင္ခြင့္ ရရွိေရး”
“ေတာင္သူလယ္သမားမ်ားအား အမွန္တကယ္ ကိုယ္စားျပဳေသာ လႊတ္ေတာ္အမတ္ ရရွိေရး ”
စသည့္ ေၾကြးေၾကာ္သံမ်ား အပါအ၀င္ ေၾကြးေၾကာ္သံ ၆ ခု ကို ေႀကြးေၾကာ္ကာ၊
“လယ္ယာေျမ သိမ္းဆည္းမႈ ခ်က္ျခင္းရပ္” “နိုင္ငံေတာ္က ျပ႒ာန္းထားေသာ
ေျမယာဥပေဒကို ေလးစား လိုက္နာပါ” “လ/န ၃၉ သည္ ေျမသိမ္းအမိန္႕မဟုတ္”
အပါအ၀င္ စသည့္ ပိုစတာ ဆိုင္းဘုတ္ ၉ ခုကို ကိုင္ေဆာင္
ဆႏၵျပၾကမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း အထက္ပါ ခြင့္ျပဳမိန္႕အရ သိရသည္။

လယ္ယာေျမ သိမ္းဆည္းခံထားရသည့္ လယ္သမားမ်ား အပါအ၀င္ ဦးေရ ၁၀၀ ခန္႕ျဖင့္
ႏို၀င္ဘာလ ၁၁ ရက္ေန႕ နံနက္ ၉ နာရီတြင္ ဆႏၵျပပဲြကို စတင္မည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး နံနက္
၁၁ နာရီတြင္ ျပီးဆံုးမည္ျဖစ္သည္။
ယခုကဲ့သို႕ ဆႏၵျပျခင္းအားျဖင့္ လယ္သမားေတြ၏ ဘ၀ကို စာနာျပီး
အစိုးရအေနျဖင့္ ေျပလည္ေအာင္ ေျဖရွင္းေပးလိမ့္မည္ ေမ်ာ္လင့္ေၾကာင္း
ဦးေဆာင္ ဆႏၵျပမည့္ လယ္သမား ဦးထြန္းထြန္း၀င္းက ေျပာသည္။

“မေျဖရွင္းေပးရင္ ဆက္တိုက္ ဆက္တိုက္ ဆႏၵျပသြားမယ္”ဟု ၎က ဆိုသည္။
ၿပီးခဲ့သည့္ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၇ ရက္ေန႕က ကေျမာကင္းလမ္းရွိ စပါးရိတ္သိမး္ခါနီး
လယ္ေျမကို ျခံခတ္သည့္အတြက္ လယ္သမားမ်ားႏွင့္
ထား၀ယ္ခရိုင္အုပ္ခ်ဴပ္ေရးမွဴး၊ ျမိဳ႕နယ္ အုပ္ခ်ဴပ္ေရးမွဴး အပါအ၀င္
ဌာနဆိုင္ရာ ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ားႏွင့္ အျငင္းပြားကာ စကားအေျခအတင္ျဖစ္ခဲ့ေၾကာင္း
လယ္သမားမ်ားက ေျပာသည္။

ယင္းသို႕ စကားအေျခအတင္ျဖစ္ၿပီး ေနာက္တစ္ေန႕ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၉ ရက္ေန႕က
ရိတ္သိမ္းခါနီး စပါးမ်ား ရွိေနသည့္ လယ္ေျမေပၚတြင္ ေျမလာဖို႕ျပန္သျဖင့္
လယ္သမားမ်ားႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ လူထုအေျချပဳ အဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ားက တားဆီးရာက
ထိပ္တိုက္ေတြ႕ကာ တနသၤာရီတိုင္းေဒသႀကီး အေထြေထြ အုပ္ခ်ဴပ္ေရး ဦးစီးဌာနမွ
တိုင္းေဒသႀကီး အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးတင္သိန္းအပါအ၀င္ အဖဲြ႕က ႀကမ္းတမ္းစြာ
ေျပာဆိုခဲ့သည့္ ျဖစ္စဥ္ ျဖစ္ပြားျပီး ရက္ပိုင္းအတြင္း လယ္သမားမ်ားက
ယခုကဲ့သို႕ ဆႏၵျပရန္ စီစဥ္လာၾကျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

အျငင္းပြားမႈ ျဖစ္ေနသည့္ လယ္ယာေျမမ်ားေပၚတြင္ ပုဂၢလိက ေဆးရုံစီမံကိန္း၊
၀န္ထမ္းအိမ္ရာ၊ တနသၤာရီတိုင္း ယဥ္ေက်းမွဳျပတိုက္ စသျဖင့္ အစိုးရႏွင့္
ပုဂၢလိက စီမံကိန္းမ်ား အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္လွ်က္ရွိသည္။

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

တနသာၤရီဂ်ာနယ္ အမွတ္စဥ္ ၂၂


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